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Flickr Photos Memory Lane
nurulhafidfah on Pembudayaan ICT Melalui Aplika… sheila0203 on Pembudayaan ICT Melalui Aplika… teotingting on Pembudayaan ICT Melalui Aplika… norhamizah ismail on Pembudayaan ICT Melalui Aplika… rosinah on Pembudayaan ICT Melalui Aplika…
- 17 Must Watch TED Ed Talks on Language and Language Learning January 20, 2018January 19, 2018 Language, this great social and symbolic resource we possess, is amazingly mysterious. It has been the centre of contentious debates dating back to ancient Greek philosophers. One... ....read moreEducatorstechnology
- Teachers' Guide to A Successful Implementation of Game-based Learning in Class January 20, 2018January 19, 2018 The dynamics of engagement for 21st century students are different from those of students that were taught in the pre-Internet era. Today’s students are digital natives. Digitality... ....read moreEducatorstechnology
- 16 Good iPad Apps to Showcase Students Learning January 19, 2018January 18, 2018 One of the best ways to show students that their work is valuable and important is through displaying it in public. Showcasing students work has several benefits: knowing that their... ....read moreEducatorstechnology
- 6 of The Best Presentation Creation Tools for Teachers and Educators January 18, 2018January 18, 2018 As a teacher chances are you have already created a presentation of some sort or presented in front of an audience (e.g., in a conference, at school…etc). And as you know, presenting... ....read moreEducatorstechnology
- 9 of The Best Apps for Learning Spelling January 18, 2018January 17, 2018 Spelling is a learned activity that requires formal/informal teaching and practice. You may pick up the oral part of a target language relatively easily (depending on your cognitive... ....read moreEducatorstechnology
- 17 Must Watch TED Ed Talks on Language and Language Learning January 20, 2018
‘Mampu’kah Putrajaya eksploitasi penggunaan ‘big data’ – http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/opinion/nur-jazlan/article/mampukah-putrajaya-eksploitasi-penggunaan-big-data
Description of Connectivism
Connectivism is a learning theory for the digital age. Learning has changed over the last several decades. The theories of behaviourism, cognitivism, and constructivism provide an effect view of learning in many environments. They fall short, however, when learning moves into informal, networked, technology-enabled arena. Some principles of connectivism:
- The integration of cognition and emotions in meaning-making is important. Thinking and emotions influence each other. A theory of learning that only considers one dimension excludes a large part of how learning happens.
- Learning has an end goal – namely the increased ability to “do something”. This increased competence might be in a practical sense (i.e. developing the ability to use a new software tool or learning how to skate) or in the ability to function more effectively in a knowledge era (self-awareness, personal information management, etc.). The “whole of learning” is not only gaining skill and understanding – actuation is a needed element. Principles of motivation and rapid decision making often determine whether or not a learner will actuate known principles.
- Learning is a process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources. A learner can exponentially improve their own learning by plugging into an existing network.
- Learning may reside in non-human appliances. Learning (in the sense that something is known, but not necessarily actuated) can rest in a community, a network, or a database.
- The capacity to know more is more critical that what is currently known. Knowing where to find information is more important than knowing information.
- Nurturing and maintaining connections is needed to facilitate learning. Connection making provides far greater returns on effort than simply seeking to understand a single concept.
- Learning and knowledge rest in diversity of opinions.
- Learning happens in many different ways. Courses, email, communities, conversations, web search, email lists, reading blogs, etc. Courses are not the primary conduit for learning.
- Different approaches and personal skills are needed to learn effectively in today’s society. For example, the ability to see connections between fields, ideas, and concepts is a core skill.
- Organizational and personal learning are integrated tasks. Personal knowledge is comprised of a network, which feeds into organizations and institutions, which in turn feed back into the network and continue to provide learning for the individual. Connectivism attempts to provide an understanding of how both learners and organizations learn.
- Currency (accurate, up-to-date knowledge) is the intent of all connectivist learning.
- Decision-making is itself a learning process. Choosing what to learn and the meaning of incoming information is seen through the lens of shifting reality. While there is a right answer now, it may be wrong tomorrow due to alterations in the information climate impacting the decision.
- Learning is a knowledge creation process…not only knowledge consumption. Learning tools and design methodologies should seek to capitalize on this trait of learning.