Role and Importance of ICT in Education

Role and Importance of ICT in Education

A vibrant education sector is fundamental for developing human capital within countries. With an active and transformative education policy and a supportive infrastructure, the development of a knowledge-based population can apply itself to sustained and equitable growth. ICT can play a vital role in increasing access to education as well as providing better quality education. A study conducted by the International Institute for Communication and Development (IICD) indicated that 80% of its participants felt more aware and empowered by their exposure to ICT in education, and 60% stated that the process of teaching as well as learning were directly and positively affected by the use of ICT.5

Increased Access to Education through ICT

 

ICT is used worldwide to increase access to, and improve the relevance and quality of education. The unprecedented speed and general availability of information due to ICT extends educational opportunities to marginalized and vulnerable groups. ICT gives students and teachers new tools with which to learn and teach. Geographical distance is no longer an obstacle to obtaining an education. It is no longer necessary for teachers and students to be in the same space, due to innovations of technologies such as teleconferencing and distance learning, which allow for synchronous learning.6 If given access and appropriate training in ICT, the Internet can also provide these groups with an abundance of online learning materials, covering a wide range of subjects that are up-to-date and produced by cutting-edge technologies. Thus, teachers and learners are no longer solely dependent on physical media such as printed textbooks which are often times outdated especially in the developing world. With today’s technology, one even has the ability to access experts, professionals, and leaders in the field around the world at any given time.7

In addition, many world-leading conventional universities are now offering some of their academic courses through various ICTs for their distant learners and have established themselves as dual mode universities. Applications and processes of e-learning include web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaboration, where content is delivered via the internet, intranet/extranet, audio/ and or video tape, satellite TV and CD-ROM.8 Although many developing countries have begun to take initiatives to introduce virtual classrooms at their schools, the use of e-learning continues to be a challenge for the least developed countries. (References: White paper ICT in Education for development: Brian Gutterman, Shareen Rahman, Jorge Supelano, Laura Thies & Mai Yang Advisor: Ambassador Rafat Mahdi New York, July 2009)

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About mdyusoffdaud

Education is lovely
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